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The Truth About Our Skin

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Did you know that your skin helps to protect the body from harmful substances and conditions, and cushions the underlying structures in the body from physical injury?

The outer surface of the skin is bactericidal, which helps to prevent the growth of harmful micro-organisms. The tough, waterproof construction of the skin forms a barrier that prevents the absorption of many substances and also prevents the skin from losing vital water, which is understandably why it would cause the skin to dry out. Cells in the skin contain a pigment called melanin, which gives us our skin colour and absorbs harmful rays of ultraviolet light. The amount of melanin in the skin varies between individuals and between races. Also, body temperature is controlled in part by heat loss through the skin and by sweating. The skin allows the feelings of touch, pressure, heat, cold, and allows us to recognise different objects by their feel, texture, and shape.

Here’s The Basic Construction of our Skin Explained:

Our skin is the largest organ in our bodies, working for around one-eighth of the body’s total weight. Our skin is made up of microscopic cells, which provide a hard, flexible cover for its protection. Each of the cells contains multiple particular structures bounded by a chemical material called the protoplasm these cells are essential for our overall well-being. If these cells are unable to perform correctly, a condition may appear. In each cell is bounded by the cell membrane, which is absorbent allowing food to enter and waste to exit.

Right in the center of the cell lines the nucleus, which comprise the chromosomes that contain the genes we have inherited from our biological parents. Genes have the responsibility for cell reproduction and functionality. We are all born with two distinct layers of the skin; The top layer of the skin called epidermis and dermis. below these layers is a further layer called the subcutaneous fat layer. If you look at the inside of the skin with a microscope you would see the two distinct layers. There are three main types of skin and finding the right skincare products fit for our skin can be a nightmare if we are unaware of the type of skin we have. Skin regenerates itself every 27 days which is why we are advised to change our skincare essentials every 6-12 weeks, even if the skin-care products seem to be working just great.

According to Lorraine Nordmann Beauty Therapy textbooks, here are ways of identifying different skin types.

1. Oily Skin 

The sebaceous glands are very active, especially at puberty. An increase in sebum production often causes the skin to appear blemished.

This usually slows down after puberty. (during the early 20s). 

In Oily skin you can find:

Large pores

A coarse texture

Appears thick

Usually shiny due to excess sebum production 

Has a good tone due to the protective effects of the sebum

May show skin disorders such as blackheads, pustules, and papules these are blemishes caused by bacterial infection of the skin.

2. Dry Skin 

Dry skin is lacking sebum, and moisture. Because sebum limits the loss of moisture from the skin’s surface this causes the skin the become more dehydrated.

In Dry Skin:

Has tight pores

Poor moisture

A thin coarse texture

Flaking patches of the skin

Sensitive areas

3. Combination Skin

This skin type is partly dry, partly oily. The oil parts generally appear around the chin, nose, and forehead known as the T-zone. The upper cheeks might also show signs of oiliness but the rest of the face and neck is dry.

In Combination Skin:

Enlarged pores in the T-zone and small to medium-sized pores in the cheek area

Skin is coarse and thick in the oily areas but thinner in the dry areas​

Moisture content is high in the oily areas but poor in the dry area

Sallow on the oily areas but shows sensitivity in the dry areas

Blemishes such as pustules and someone’s at the T-zone

Milia and broken capillaries might appear in the dry areas, commonly on the cheeks and near the eyes.